Flynote and Headnote
 Civil procedure - Local court - Strict rules of procedure inapplicable.
In local courts, the strict rules of procedure applicable in higher 10 courts do not always apply, although care must be taken not to deal with cases too summarily.
 Courts - Local court - Rules of procedure - In general.
See  above.
 Civil Procedure - Cross examination - Duty of court to explain to 15 parties effect of failure to cross - examine.
Where a party refuses to cross - examine a witness, the court is under a duty to explain to the party the danger of failing to cross - examine.
 Courts - Local court - Rules of Procedure - Duty of court to explain to 20 parties effect of failure to cross - examine.